eni in Congo
The Hinda integrated development project
In the Republic of the Congo, eni is engaged in contributing to the national development programmes, within the reference framework of the United Nation's MDG. Since eni has begun onshore activities in Congo, a series of programmes in key growth markets have been initiated with the objective of developing local potential and improving the quality of life for local populations.
In November 2011, Project Intégré - District de Hinda (PIH) was launched, whose overall objective is to contribute to the improvement of living conditions and sustainable development for the local communities in the industrial zone in around M'Boundi - Zingali, Kouakouala, Loufika - where eni runs its operations, reducing the percentage of the population who live below the poverty threshold.
The strategic objective is to contribute to improving the entrepreneurial ability in the field of operations and to consolidate the company's presence in its areas of activity. The plan is to reach these objectives through investments in projects in favour of the local communities and initiatives for public health.
The area involved is located in a 20 km radius around the eni Congo M'Boundi industrial area and encompasses a population of about 25,000 people.
The approach is based on a strategy of:
- Performing simultaneous activities in synergy in the various markets of participation;
- "Quick win" approach;
- Making the population responsible and independent.
Primary objectives and areas of intervention are:
Health: Reduce the morbidity (frequency of illnesses) and mortality rates due to primary diseases and endemic pathological conditions;
Education: Increase the registration rate of primary schools and the literacy rate;
Environment: Increase the availability and integrity of natural resources;
Agriculture: Increase agricultural and livestock production in a sustainable manner, support the creation of micro-enterprises with respect for social-cultural and environmental context;
Social animation (cross-sector tool): Increase the awareness regarding activities and their impact on the social-economic, cultural, health, and environmental trends that the initiative addresses.
Partnership system in the PIH project
The Projet Intégré - District de Hinda, launched by eni in 2011, proposes an innovative system based on the integration and synergy between numerous international, national and local players to contribute to the improvement of the living conditions of the beneficiary population. Beginning it was shared with the National Authorities, through the signature of an MoU with the Ministère de l'Economie, du Plan, de l'Aménagement du Territoire et de l'Intégration and with the Ministère des Hydrocarbures, and eni corporate reference entity. The project was launched following an analysis of the national development plant (Document Stratégique de Lutte à la Pauvreté and Schema National d'Aménagement du Territoire) and the local context through proprietary eni analysis methods that call for the use of a participative approach in order to define the communities needs. A partnership agreement was signed on April 30, 2010 with six players from civil society: Médecin d'Afrique, Renatura, IPHD, Espace Créateur, Diocèse de Pointe-Noire CDJP/CARITAS and HELP. The associations are eni's partners and interfaces with the local population and help carry on the initiatives that meet the needs of the communities in terms of communication, strengthening of local abilities, protection and education to respecting the environment and ecosystems.
Partnership with the Earth Institute at Columbia University
The Earth Institute has nearly a decade of experience in the regions of Western Africa. Moreover, its scientific approach uses rigorous systems of monitoring and evaluation that can be used to assist the planning and budgeting in order to monthly monitoring the operational projects status implemented to achieve the MDGs. The Earth Institute will work with eni in Congo in two main areas: through the MDG centre in Bamako, to supply technical-scientific support for the implementation of a package of integrated operations for rural development, and through the Monitoring and Evaluation Unit, to develop and implement tools and systems to carry out baseline analysis, monitor performance, and evaluate the impact of the activities within the framework of the MDGs. In 2011, the preliminary engagement activities were performed, including a site visit by representatives from the Centre for Global Health and Economic Development at Columbia University. Moreover, eni benefited from training activities through the participation of a local resource in the "Millennium Villages - MV3 Workshop" organized by the Earth Institute in New York.
The PIH has been structured over 4 years, estimating an out lay 140 US dollars a year for 4 years (four-year eni). The amount is perfectly in line with the investments identified by the Earth Institute in order to reach the objectives (110 US dollars per inhabitant per year over a 5 year period). For the 4 years of the project, financing is estimated to be 13,200,000 US dollars.
Context analysis and planning
The project has been carried out through a phase of context analysis in which a Social and Health Baseline Analysis (SHBA) was produced to objectively evaluate the needs in the area of operation. The analysis was performed involving all the stakeholders, with particular attention to vulnerable groups, with the intent of identifying the key stakeholders in the area, to have a "photograph" of the social-economic, cultural, environmental and health situations in the area of interest, including the local situation of the communities, the needs and the fears regarding onshore exploitation programmes and to collect useful base data against which to measure future change. Pre-feasibility and feasibility studies were carried out in 2011 and a pilot phase was performed in parallel with the objective of identifying and consolidating the main areas of operation.
PARTNERSHIP SYSTEM, RELATIONSHIPS WITH COMMUNITIES AND MILESTONES OF THE PIH PROJECT
|Pointe-Noire, April 30, 2010
||Development agencies, civil society
||Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with 6 local NGO and local associations which are: IPHD (International Partnership for Human Development), Espace Createur, Renatura, HELP (Habitat Ecologies ET Liberté DES Primates), Medecin d'Afrique, and CDJP (Commission Diocesaine Justice ET Paix).
|Dar es Salaam, July 26-27, 2011
||Preliminary meetings with the Earth Institute during MVP meetings.
|Pointe-Noire, August 31, 2011
||MoU with the Government of Congo - Ministère de l'Economie, du Plan, de l'Aménagement du Territoire et de l'Intégration, Ministère des Hydrocarbures - to carry out human development projects in the Hinda district, generally in the area where eni operates, that is M'Boundi, Kouakouala and Loufika.
|Pointe-Noire, September 8-10, 2011
||First visit by the Earth Institute to the PIH areas.
|NY, October 2011
||Participation of an eni Congo representative in charge of relations with the communities at the Millennium Villages Workshop organized by the Earth Institute at Columbia University (New York).
|Pointe-Noire, October, 2011
||Development agencies, civil society
||Pre-feasibility study for the Hinda Plan.
|Pointe-Noire, November 26, 2011
||Official launch of the PIH project. Participants: Ministère de l'Economie, du Plan, de l'Aménagement du Territoire et de l'Intégration, Ministère des Hydrocarbures; Directeurs Départementaux au Kouilou des Hydrocarbures, de la Santé, de l'Enseignement, de l'Environnement, de l'Agriculture, de la Pêche et de l'Elevage, des Affaires sociales; local authorities, local NGO, media.
||Start-up of collaboration with the Earth Institute at Columbia University and its MDG Centre in Bamako (Mali) for scientific and technical consultancy, assistance for rural development and support for monitoring and appraisal.
||Institutionalization and development of monthly meetings with the communities.
MAIN PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR THE PIH PILOT PHASE FOR THE YEAR ENDED 2011
|Rural and agricultural development
||Ministry for Agriculture, CARITAS, and CRAL (Centre de Recherche Agronomique de Loudima), Réseau Espace Créateurs
||Increase the productivity of the area. Obtain greater food safety Improve social-professional integration in the communities through development of the culture
|Cassava Project: 6 demonstration fields to introduce new varieties of cassava for cultivation. Increase production and the fertility of the soil. Prevention of local conflicts. Progress: 65%
||Direct: 6 "comités de village" with 20 members; Indirect: approximately 5,000 people Involvement of 500 families
|Moringa Project: Pilot programme to cultivate and develop Moringa oil. Organization of a community field Progress: 75%
||27 groups of 7 people (10 women) from the Village de Ntoula (NGOMA TSETSE District)
|Water and health services
|Water access project
||Médecin d'Afrique, Direction Départementale de l'Hydraulique with l'Agence Nationale de l'Hydraulique Rurale (ANHYR)
||Improve potable water access (quick win goal)
MDG 1, 7
|Water distribution using tanks to the community in the Hinda District
||20,000/25,000 people. Project completed
|Reduction of disease caused by non-potable water in the communities Ensure running water for lived-in complexes (long term goals)
MDG 1, 7
|Construction of 5 wells Progress: 80%
||About 5,000 people in the villages of Mboubisi, Mongo Tandou, Mboukou, Diosso and Christ Roi Church. 7,000 beneficiaries from training sessions
|Upgrade the ability of the local population to manage water resources (long term goal)
|Constitution and formation of 6 local "comités de gestion d'eau" (CLGE) 3 training sessions in classes 6,912 training sessions in homes 3 meetings with representatives from CLGE, the Hinda Prefecture, the National Agency for Rural Water and the MDA Implementation of a CLGE network Progress: 75%
||72 members of local "comités de gestion of eau" (CLGE) have been involved in training activities
||Ministry for Education in Congo, IPHD
||Strengthening the educational system
MDG 2, 3
|Restructuring schools, distributing scholastic materials, constructing a cafeteria with a capacity of 300 meals/day in the elementary school to Mboukou 30% increase in the scholastic population in the area
||Approximately 800 pupils
|Support for the health system
Restructuring public services
|Eni Foundation, Ministry for Health
||Improve access to health services
|Donation and delivery of an ambulance
||Primary school in Tchibanda Mboukou
|Renovation of the CSI in Mongo Tandou Construction of the Poste de Sante' Tombo
|Renovation of the Centre de Santé Integre' de Diosso
|Protection of biodiversity in the Mvassa and Djeno areas
||RENATURA and the "Association de Conservation de la Biodiversité"
||Environmental protection and promotion
|Tuttle population census Involvement of 20 security guards as well as about 500 people from the village of Djeno. Training team for the area watch Progress: 50%
||20 "agents de suivi" About 500 people from DJENO